Kildare - Lub Nroog Thoroughbred - IntoKildare
Peb Dab Neeg

Kildare - Nroog Thoroughbred

'Gallop hla lub plawv ntawm equestrian Ireland'

Ob peb qhov kev pom nthuav dav lub ntsiab lus ntawm Lub Nroog Kildare ntau dua li cov nees pounding thoob plaws lub caij nplooj ntoos hlav qhib tiaj tiaj ntawm Curragh, cov huab cua uas ua pa puffing tawm mus rau thaum sawv ntxov huab cua. Tus nees - 'capall' hauv Irish - tau yog ib feem ntawm lub neej nyob hauv lub nroog rau ntau txhiab xyoo thiab niaj hnub no cov toj roob hauv pes ntawm cov nyom ntsuab ntsuab suav nrog lub plawv ntawm Ireland lub ntiaj teb nto moo bloodstock thiab kev sib tw kev lag luam.

Nws tsis yog rau tsis muaj dab tsi uas Kildare paub los ntawm Australia mus rau Kentucky mus rau Arabian suab puam raws li 'Thoroughbred County'.

Legends nco qab tias yuav ua li cas tus tub rog tsis txaus ntseeg Fionn mac Cumhaill, lossis Finn MacCool, tau nyob hauv lub hauv paus ntawm Hill of Allen los ntawm qhov chaw uas nws tau ua tus neeg yos hav zoov rau King Cormac; 300 ntawm nws hounds raug txheeb xyuas los ntawm lub npe nyob rau hauv Ossianic Cycle. Lub pob muaj koob muaj npe ntawm hounds yeej yuav tsis tau saib tawm ntawm qhov chaw thaum Celts sib sau ua ke los sib tw lawv cov tsheb sib tw ntawm Curragh plains thaum lub xyoo Aenach Lifé ncaj ncees nyob rau hauv ancient sij hawm. (i)

Cov Annals qhia txog Connairé Môr mus koom kev ncaj ncees nrog plaub lub tsheb loj ua ntej nws raug tua nyob rau hauv 60 AD. Tseeb tiag, kev sib tw tau tsim ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm kev ncaj ncees uas ntau tus neeg sau keeb kwm hu ua "Curragh ntawm Haiv Neeg." (ii)

Tej zaum nws xav tsis thoob tias St Bridget yog li ua kom nws lub tsho npog tag nrho ntawm Curragh plains thaum Vaj Ntxwv ntawm Leinster tau cog lus tias yuav tso siab rau nws nrog txhua thaj av uas poob hauv nws tus duab ntxoov ntxoo. Cov vajntxwv qub txhua tus caij nees. Cormac mac Cuilennáin, tus huab tais dawb huv ntawm Munster, tsoo nws lub caj dab poob ntawm ib tug nees ntawm kev sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Bellaghmoon ze Castledermot hauv 908 AD. Tus yeej ntawm qhov kev sib tsoo ntawd yog Cerball mac Muirecáin, tus huab tais kawg ntawm Leinster nyob ntawm Naas. Cerball raug suav hais tias yog "tus neeg caij nees uas txawj ntse" tab sis nws tau muaj hmoo kom tuag qeeb, nyob rau hauv txoj kev tuag thaum, caij los ntawm tus kws ntaus hlau nrov nrov hauv nroog Kildare, nws tus nees tau txhawb nqa thiab rub tus huab tais rau ntawm nws tus kheej lance.

Anglo-Norman cov tsev neeg xws li FitzGerald, de Bermingham thiab de Riddlesford kuj coj lawv txoj kev hlub ntawm tus nees mus rau Kildare, tau ua tiav ntau ntawm lawv qhov kev kov yeej los ntawm kev tshav ntuj ntawm lawv cov steeds superior. Xyoo 1260, tus kws tshawb fawb Franciscan yws tias cov neeg Ireland tau 'kev quav yeeb quav tshuaj thiab tua tsiaj ntau dua li kev ua haujlwm'.

Tus neeg yos hav zoov lub suab nrov nrov thoob plaws lub nroog thaum xyoo pua 16th thaum lub zog muaj zog Gearóid Óg FitzGerald, 9th Earl of Kildare, tau tawm nrog nws cov staghounds mus nrhiav hare, marten thiab mos lwj. Tus dab ntawm nws tus tub, 'Wizard Earl', tau hais tias mus ncig thaj av nruab nrab ntawm Kilkea Castle thiab lub ringfort ntawm Mullaghmast txhua txhua xya xyoo, hnav khaub ncaws dawb ntawm cov nyiaj dawb.Horses feem ntau hais txog txoj hmoo ntawm kev ua tsov ua rog. Richard Marshall, tus tub xeeb ntxwv Strongbow, raug mob hnyav thaum caij nees hauv kev sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Curragh hauv 1234. Ntau tshaj peb puas xyoo tom qab, John Hewson, Tus Thawj Kav Tebchaws ntawm Dublin nyob rau hauv Oliver Cromwell, tau coj ib pab tub rog ntawm 2000 ko taw-tub rog thiab 1,000 tus nees los txeeb. tag nrho cov Royalist chaw ruaj khov hauv County Kildare. Cov tub rog Jacobite kuj tau sib sau ua ke ntawm Curragh hauv kev coj mus rau lawv qhov kev yeej tsis zoo ntawm kev sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Boyne. Txawm li cas los xij, nees ua ib qho kev ua si kuj tseem yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws. Xyoo 1682, Curragh tau suav tias yog qhov chaw mus rau 'tag nrho cov nom tswv thiab cov neeg ncaj ncees ntawm lub nceeg vaj uas yog ua txuj tias hlub, lossis txaus siab rau, hawking, yos hav zoov, lossis kev sib tw.' Tib lub xyoo ntawd, lwm tus Tswv Kildare tau tsim kev sib tw nees tshiab rau ntawm 'txoj kev zoo heev' thiab muab 'ib phaj txog li 40 phaus ib xyoos' rau tus yeej.

Yees duab ©INPHO/Morgan Treacy

Lub Curragh sai dhau los ua Ireland cov lus teb rau Newmarket nrog rau cov rooj sib tham pej xeem thiab ntiag tug. Lub Koom Haum Saib Xyuas Kev Ua Si tau tuav lawv thawj lub rooj sib tham ntawm Curragh hauv 1750; Lub koom haum tau hloov nws lub npe mus rau Turf Club nyob rau hauv 1784. Tom 'Squire' Conolly ntawm Castletown House yog xws li ib tug tseem ceeb patron ntawm kev ua si nawv uas nws lub npe yog immortalized nyob rau hauv Conolly's Mile, ncaj mais khiav mus rau lub yeej ncej, uas tseem yog ib feem. ntawm qhov kev kawm Curragh extant. Los ntawm 1809, muaj kaum ob haiv neeg khiav txhua xyoo ntawm Curragh; Thawj Irish Derby tau tuav nyob rau hauv 1866. Horsemanship yog nyob rau hauv cov ntshav ntawm ntau ntawm Kildare cov thawj coj tsev neeg. Eustace tsev neeg taug qab lawv caj ces mus rau Placidus, ib tug General ntawm Nees nyob rau hauv lub Roman tub rog uas ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv lub siege ntawm Yeluxalees nyob rau hauv lub Emperors Titus thiab Vespasian. Lub de Robeck's ntawm Gowran Grange, Punchestown, yog cov xeeb ntxwv ntawm Estonian aristocrat uas tau caij nrog cov tub rog zoo tshaj plaws hauv Tebchaws Europe. Jack Ponsonby, uas tau tsim lub tsev zoo neo-Classical ntawm Npis Sov, Straffan, tsa plaub lub tuam txhab ntawm nees los tawm tsam Bonnie Prince Charlie hauv 1745. Nws xeeb leej xeeb ntxwv William Ponsonby tau coj txoj haujlwm tsis zoo ntawm Scots Greys ntawm kev sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Waterloo hauv. 1815.

Kildare Hunt Club tau yug los hauv 1804, nrog Sir Fenton Aylmer ntawm Donadea ua nws thawj tus tswv. Kev yos hav zoov tau vam meej nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua 17th tab sis tau los ua ib qho chaw zoo dua los ntawm 1726 thaum Ponsonbys ntawm Npis Sov tau tsim qhov zoo tshaj plaws los ua tus thawj 'Kildare Hunt'. Lub Conollys ntawm Castletown House thiab Kennedy's ntawm Johnstown ob leeg muaj ib pob khoom ntiag tug ntawm foxhounds los ntawm 1760s.

Kuj tseem muaj pob khoom ntawm Castlemartin, Ballynure, Castlewarden, Donadea thiab Straffan. Lub Leinster Harriers tau tsim los ntawm Kilmorony House ze Athy hauv 1812 thaum Naas Harriers tau kennelled ntawm Jigginstown los ntawm 1920 txog 2000. Lwm tsev neeg yos hav zoov yog Burghs ntawm Oldtown, Naas; TJ thiab Ulick Burgh ob leeg tau koom nrog hauv cov tub rog caij nkoj ntawm kev sib ntaus sib tua ntawm Tel el Kebir hauv Egypt xyoo 1882. Nyob rau xyoo 19th thaum ntxov, cov neeg yos hav zoov tsuas yog 'improvised qee lub rooj sib tham me me uas cov txiv neej thiab cov neeg ua liaj ua teb zoo ib yam tuaj yeem ua rau lawv saj rau caij. dhau ib qho me ntsis ntawm Kildare lub teb chaws'. Thiab tseem tsis tau kev ua si nawv tau hla kev ntseeg thiab chav kawm mus rau qhov zoo li ntawd, hauv lub diocese ntawm Kildare thiab Leighlin, nws tau hais tias kev yos hav zoov ntawm cov txiv plig Catholic tau dav.

Los ntawm lub xyoo pua puv kaum cuaj muaj nce mus txog ntawm 35 nees fairs nyob thoob plaws lub nroog hauv cov nroog xws li Castledermot, Naas thiab Athy; Monasterevin qhov kev ncaj ncees txhua xyoo hauv Lub Xya Hli yog tam sim no tsuas yog ib qho tseem ua haujlwm. (iii)

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Muaj cov ntaub ntawv ntawm kev sib tw nees nyob rau hauv Rathgorragh, sab qab teb ntawm Kill Hill, nrog rau ntawm Rathcoole, Naas, Kilcock, Corbally Harbor thiab Burnt Furze nyob rau hauv Furness Wood. Xyoo 1860, Punchestown tau ua lub rooj sib tham tseem ceeb ntawm National Hunt, nrog rau Kildare Hunt. Nws tau dhau los ua qhov kev sib tw fashionable tshaj plaws hauv tebchaws Ireland, nrog cov teb loj loj tig tawm rau txhua qhov kev sib ntsib; cov tog cus ciav tuav nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov nyob ib ncig ntawm lub tsev loj ib yam li ntawd los ua kev hais lus ntawm kev yos hav zoov teeb tsa thoob plaws lub tebchaws Askiv.

Punchestown tseem muaj neeg nyiam heev thaum Naas tseem khav txog qhov kev sib tw uas tau txais txiaj ntsig uas, nrog rau Curragh, ua tiav lub kaus mom-trick rau lub nroog. Lub Nroog Kildare tau dhau los ua qhov chaw tseem ceeb rau cov tub rog Askiv hauv tebchaws Ireland thaum xyoo pua 19th. Nws tau pib xyoo 1814, nrog rau kev tsim kho cov tub rog tub rog rau 1,000 tus txiv neej ntawm ntug dej Liffey hauv qhov uas tom qab dhau los ua Newbridge. Plaub caug xyoo tom qab cov tub rog Askiv tau tsim nws thawj qhov chaw nyob ruaj khov hauv Ireland ntawm Curragh, zoo li qhov chaw cob qhia rau cov tub ceev xwm thiab tub rog khi rau Crimean War. Tus Tub Vaj Ntxwv ntawm Wales (tom qab Edward VII) yog ib tug ntawm Curragh thawj cov tub ntxhais kawm txawm hais tias nws zoo li tau kawm txog kev sib txawv ntawm qhov sib txawv thaum nws dalliance nrog ib tug neeg ua yeeb yam, nyob hauv zos, hu ua Nellie Clifden.

Nyob rau hnub ua ntej ntawm Kev Tsov Rog Thoob Ntiaj Teb thib ib, cov tub rog camp yog qhov chaw rau 'Curragh Mutiny', thaum cov tub ceev xwm Askiv tau hem tias yuav tawm haujlwm es tsis yog tawm tsam Ulster Volunteer Force, ib qho kev tshwm sim uas qhia tias Ulster Unionists muaj zog npaum li cas. British tub rog txoj cai nyob rau hauv Ireland. Thaum lub sijhawm xyoo 1870 thiab 1880s tus kws qhia Curragh-based Henry Linde ntawm Eyrefield Lodge utterly dominated txoj kev khiav ntawm ob sab ntawm Irish Hiav txwv. Propelled los ntawm cov dab neeg zoo li no, kev yug nees nees tau dhau los ua qhov tseem ceeb hauv Kildare. Lub Tebchaws Stud tau tsim nyob rau xyoo 1902 thiab ua tiav cov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm Irish bloodstock los ntawm kev muab cov tsev kawm qib siab ntawm cov nqi sib tw heev.

Raws li nws tus tsim ntseeg tias qhov kev vam meej ntawm txhua tus nees nees tau hais los ntawm lub hli thiab cov hnub qub, txhua qhov chaw ruaj khov muaj lub teeb pom kev zoo los ua kom tag nrho cov astronomical influences. Lub Tetrarch, yog ib tus menyuam muaj hnub nyoog ob xyoos ceev tshaj plaws ntawm txhua lub sijhawm, tau ua phem rau ntawm Straffan Station Stud ntawm Baronrath xyoo 1911.

Ireland yog tam sim no Europe loj tshaj plaws - thiab lub ntiaj teb thib plaub loj tshaj plaws - tsim cov thoroughbred, nrog ntau tshaj ib nrab ntawm tag nrho cov Irish kev muag khoom noj nyob rau hauv Goff's Kildare Paddocks sab nraum Naas, ua kev zoo siab 150 xyoo nyob rau hauv 2016. Feem ntau ntawm cov champions no kuj bred nyob rau hauv County Kildare, uas. Tam sim no yog lub tsev rau ntau tshaj ib puas stud liaj teb, suav nrog cov ua haujlwm los ntawm Aga Khan, Tub Vaj Ntxwv Khalid Abdulla thiab Al Maktoum tsev neeg ntawm Dubai. Raws li lub Yim Hli 2016, lub nroog yog lub tsev rau 801 tus neeg yug tsiaj thiab 84 tus kws qhia ntawv tso cai, nrog rau suav tsis txheeb, cov neeg nyob deb, cov neeg tu tsiaj thiab cov kws kho tsiaj. Ntawm cov kws qhia Kildare ua tau zoo tshaj plaws ntawm lub xyoo pua 21st yog Jessie Harrington, Sandra Hughes, John Oxx thiab Dermot Weld, nrog rau Dessie Hughes lig, thaum lub nroog cov neeg tseem ceeb ntawm cov neeg ncaws pob suav nrog Ruby Walsh, nws tus viv ncaus Katie Walsh, Willie Robinson. thiab Pat Eddery lig.

Ib yam li cov nees nees thiab cov neeg yos hav zoov, Kildare yog lub bastion ntawm cov neeg caij nees uas ib zaug siv los nqa cov neeg nyob hauv txoj kev hauv lub tebchaws, ploj teb thiab kos cov nkoj khov thiab lwm yam khoom raws li dej. Ib tug txiv neej txawm tau ua yeeb yaj kiab dej-skiing txog Grand Canal hauv xyoo 1960 - thaum txuas los ntawm txoj hlua mus rau ib tus nees galloping. Cov lem ntawm cov hlua ntawm cov nees rub cov nkoj tseem tuaj yeem pom los ntawm tus choj choj ntawm Ardclough.

Untold cov naj npawb ntawm lub nroog cov nees tau muab rau kev pabcuam thaum Tsov Rog Thoob Ntiaj Teb thib 1914 tshwm sim xyoo XNUMX. Ib tug tsov rog zoo li no yog Lisnavagh, ib qho kev tshwm sim ntawm Mansfield tsev neeg ntawm Morristown Lattin uas tau mus rau Sab Hnub Poob thiab rov qab los sib tw dua. ntawm Kildare av.

Ib tug tsis tuaj yeem tsis quav ntsej qhov paranormal muaj nees nyob hauv lub nroog. Ib cag ntawm Wizard Earl caij ncig Mullaghmast, cov dab ntawm James McRoberts, nws lub roob thiab hounds tau hnov ​​​​thundering nyob ib ncig ntawm lub pos huab-shrouded rath ze Maganey qhov twg McRoberts faus. Ib pab pawg ntawm cov nees dawb me me kuj tau raug espied ntawm Forenaghts rath thaum cov neeg nyob hauv Grangemellon tau saib xyuas tus kws qhia thiab plaub, uas tau tsav los ntawm tus neeg caij nees tsis muaj taub hau, thiab ntseeg tias yuav nqa tus dab zoo nkauj Jack St. Leger, ib lub npe nrov. viveur thiab comrade ntawm decadent Prince Regent.

Tej zaum zaj dab neeg uas xav tsis thoob tshaj plaws hauv keeb kwm ntawm Kildare Hunt txhawj xeeb txog Major Beaumont, tus neeg yos hav zoov charismatic tus tswv, uas tau tas sim neej nyob rau hauv 1958. Thaum thawj lub rooj sib tham tom qab nws lub ntees tuag, cov hounds coj mus yos hav zoov tag nrho txoj kev los ntawm Jigginstown mus rau Major Beaumont lub ntxa. ntawm lub Koom Txoos Carnalway qhov chaw uas lawv tau nres tam sim ntawd thiab tso tseg
'Lub suab quaj zoo heev uas lawv tau khaws cia tsis tu ncua rau ib nrab teev dhau los.'

Kildare - Lub Nroog Thoroughbred yog los ntawm Keeb Kwm thiab Tus Sau Turtle Bunbury.

[i] Ib daim ntawv sau nyob rau xyoo pua 12th nyob rau hauv Lub Tsev Qiv Ntawv ntawm Trinity College, Dublin muaj ib zaj paj huam hais tias tau tsim los ntawm Ossian, tus tub ntawm Finn Mac Cool, nyob rau xyoo pua peb, tau sau los ntawm cov ntawv sau ntawm ntau hnub dhau los. Hauv zaj paj huam no Ossian qhia li cas tus huab tais ntawm Leinster tau qhib lub 'Aonach Lub Neej', 'Kev Ncaj Ncees ntawm Liffey'. Qhov kev tshwm sim, uas tau khiav mus rau ob peb hnub, muaj ntau lub luag haujlwm - kev sib sau ua ke ntawm cov neeg sawv cev, kev nco txog cov neeg tuag, kev ua lag luam tsiaj txhu, kev nthuav qhia txog riam phom tshiab, paj ntaub, jewellery thiab zam, lub rooj sib tham ntawm keeb kwm thiab kev cai lij choj. tau piav qhia, lub sijhawm rau kev lom zem thiab kev sib tw hauv jugglery, lub zog, suab paj nruag, recitations, storytelling, thiab thaum kawg kev sib tw kis las uas muaj kev sib tw nees thiab ko taw, nrog rau kev ua kis las thiab lwm yam kev ua si.

[ii] Cov pov thawj ntawm lub cev tej zaum yuav nyuaj rau nrhiav tau tab sis cov log ntoo-thaiv pom ntawm Timahoe East tau xav txog hnub tim los ntawm lub hnub nyoog Bronze lig thiab tej zaum yuav tsawg kawg yog cov pov thawj ntawm cov tsheb nees.

[iii] Fair Towns of Ireland, Wilson's Directory of Ireland, 1834 (http://www.from-ireland.net/irish-fair-towns-1834/) – KILDARE: Athy Ballimaney Ballyonan Ballytore Calvertstown Castledermot Castle Carberry Celbridge Clane Fabkis -furs Hortland Johnston tus choj Killballinerin Kilcock Kilcullen Kilcullenbridge Kildangan Kildare lub zos Kilgowan Kildroughill Kilmeague Kilteel Leixlip Maynooth Monasterevan Moone Naas Narraghmore Newbridge Rathangan Rathbride Redlion inn Russellywood Timolin.